We all belong to the only group of hominins on the planet today. But we weren’t always alone. 100,000 years ago, Eurasia was home to other hominin species, some of which we know our ancestors met, and spent some quality time with.
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Some commenters have pointed out that calling Neanderthals and Denisovans “other hominin species” in this episode breaks the rules of the biological species concept (BSC), which says if two things can interbreed, then they’re the same species. Some paleoanthropologists would agree. They consider both Neanderthals and Denisovans to be subspecies of Homo sapiens, rather than separate species. Other experts would say that Neanderthals have a set of features that make them clearly distinguishable from Homo sapiens, putting them outside the range of variation we include in our species. And we hardly know the Denisovans – like we said in the video, they don’t even have a scientific name yet.
The incredible thing about this is that we can even think about applying the BSC to fossils at all. The BSC is a species concept based on living organisms, and it’s only been within the last two decades or so that we’ve had the ancient DNA and the technology to test hypotheses about interbreeding in extinct groups. And it’s not the only way to define a species, either, so it will likely be a while (if ever) before anthropologists decide whether we’re a different species, subspecies, or population from the Neanderthals and Denisovans.
(Darcy Shapiro, PhD, script editor)
We are hybrids between Neanderthals and hominids.
Because hominids were several times more numerous. I reckon hominids interbred Neanderthals out.
So much history from a few fragments….
Beer and Board Games!
Why does he say neanderthals like neandertalls…
I consider early humans as survivors of destroyed Atlantis. Sorry about that. It's also conceivable that interbreeding was not necessarily widespread and Neanderthals were considered low class (let's not forget social influences). It's all on file somewhere anyway.
If any of these people had survived into the last few thousand years then we would've wiped them out any number of times. They'd all still be extinct now.
I think we thrived due to warfare and greed, if looking at the events from our recorded history..
if we are the last of the human species then surely we are becoming extinct ?
We're all human not dogs. Interbreeding sounds really animalistic. Humans are humans if you can mate with it you are it.
apparently female neanderthals and early humans did not exist
Don't forget about Sasquatches.
Quality time ? Scraped bones of some found hominin
suggest we found them delicious. It might account
for their speedy extinction. As we speed extinction
today by manipulation of global life conditions. And
none but us have been prosecuted for cross-species
mating with non-humans. Nor do we all play well
with each other. Did I mention the 2019 POTUS ?
My DNA analysis proves I'm 100% human. People
with European origins have been linked by DNA to
non-human bones found in cave graves. Due to a
consensual or non-consensual mating results.
Skin color and racial features has no bearing in DNA
test results. If reader lacks that analysis then what
you know about yourself is an opinion.
Australian Aborigines have been living in Australia for over 65,000 years. They have 2% Denisovans DNA
I love the speculating about what happened to the other hominid species… We killed their men and mated with their women, just like we did every other group of humans we encountered. And or put them to work. Ppl think the world was always like it is today- suburbs and the violence conveniently exported where youre not.
The virgin neanderthal vs the CHAD Human.
About the Denisovans, I keep hearing you say HOMININS” but the word is HominiDS, right?
They intermarried with the Neanderthals
the background music somehow reminded me of the chernobyl series and somehow that made the whole video way more eerie than its intended XD
Humans love to do two things; kill each other and have sex with anything that doesn't make our junk fall off. Saying that there is no evidence we killed neanderthals doesn't mean it didn't happen…a lot.
It’s also important to remember, one of our more modern genes. Gene Simmons which is obviously where our connection to lizards come from. The tongue is the best clue.
Homo Floresiensis will be an interesting addition to these studies.
And at 3 feet tall, they might be a factor in East Asians being shorter.
I'd like to think that the first coupling between a Neanderthal and modern humans was romantic and loving, but I somehow doubt it based on how tolerant we are
of differences these days….
I know it's semantics but I never, ever liked the narrative of "why are we the only ones left" because it is inaccurate. It's obvious that many of these much lesser numerous cousins simply got absorbed into our gene pool. We're not the "only ones left", we're the result of the family tree converging into a single line.
I'm sorry, but if copulation results in viable offspring, then isn't that the definition of being members of the same species?
This is hateful pseudoscience! We all bleed red! We are all hominins!
neanderthal calves are huge !!!